Eva Smith Analysis Essay Examp

The inspector just left and we are discussing about what had happened and revealed. Soon after, we found out that there wasn’t a girl named Eva Smith that died from drinking disinfectant and there was no inspector that was named Inspector Goole. My head turned around while I glanced around the room, as if I was looking for some answers. However, everyone was clueless. After what just happened and my parents reaction towards the situation, our family’s relationship has just been torn into pieces. Anger was burning around my body. The feeling of despair washed me away. I’m not able to trust my family anymore.

Everyone is proven to be guilty of something regarding to Eva Smith’s suicide. I caused Eva Smith to get sacked. I was trying on a dress, and she smirked. A tingly sense of viciousness attacked my back. I thought she was teasing me for wearing something that didn’t suit me. A glint of irritation crossed my glare. I couldn’t accept her. Now, I think it was a misinterpretation. I was jealous of her appearance. This was all because I was being self-absorbed, not fully understanding the situation. Not a single thing could describe the sadness that I felt during that discovery. My heart began to ache. The money and our family’s reputation just simply made me self-centred. It made me forget what my morals were. I was too quick to judge.

Gerald had an affair with Eva Smith. During the time he wasn’t seeing me, he lied to me saying he was busy at work. He even took good care of her, provided her money and accommodation, even made her his mistress. I was puzzled and infuriated through the increasing desire of the relationship. Nonetheless, he showed some morals by ending it. I’m not sure how to perceive this circumstance: disappointment or relief. At least he showed affection towards her, unlike the rest, who were inconsiderate and as cold as ice. My throat tightened. My mouth was opening and closing multiple times but no words came out. I was once again being egotistical, only focusing on our engagement. Regardless of the annoyance spiraling about my father talking about his business, I couldn’t resist but feel thrilled about it. It was a selfish idea, expressing no awareness for his feelings. If I showed more love and care towards him, he wouldn’t have done this to me. Nonetheless, I can understand why he was trying to help her, but he shouldn’t have done it behind my back.

Eric was accused for pressuring Eva Smith to let him into her lodging, and got her pregnant. Also, he stole money from father’s business and gave it to her. Even though he was immoral, at least he feels guilty. I sighed with a combination of fulfilment and comfort. Eva Smith worked at my father’s factory. He sacked her because she was the leader of a group asking for higher pay. However, these girls are humans and shouldn’t only be paid a small amount for working exceedingly hard. Nevertheless, my father is in charge of the business, and he has the right to be stubborn. I looked at him with exasperation as much as hopelessness. Furthermore, Eva Smith went to my mother’s charity, but my mother rejected her. The girl was in desperate need of support. She could have prevented her from committing suicide. My mother mentioned that charities can’t help everyone, they are allowed to reject some. Although I understand, she could have refused her in a mannered way. Her insensitive attitudes was witnessed and it is her responsibility to stand up to it.

When we found out that that there was no girl who died of drinking disinfectant and no Inspector Goole, my father’s and mother’s expressions quickly changed from anxiety to delightment. The discussions resumes, but the unpleasantly hostile atmosphere stays. I was fully disgusted at their failure to become compassionate. This shows a lot about their beliefs and personality, which is that they don’t care about human life, they only care about their reputation, father’s business and knighthood. Misery was written all over my face. My rage, pain, and dejection choked me. However, Eric and I believe that it doesn’t matter if the girl or inspector exists or not, we all have done something that is morally incorrect, and we should stand up to our actions and not escape. It was a relief that there was at least one other person that approves my view.

The inspector gave me a mysterious impression. When he left the house, and we discovered that he didn’t exist, a blank look dashed across my face. Despite the fact that he ruined our family’s connection, I am grateful for his presence. His character inspired me to know what’s best for the family. I would rather everyone face the truth, than living in a house full of obliviousness and damaging human existence. My family uses their privilege and reputation to their advantage and become self-centred. At the toast, when we were supposed to celebrate the engagement between Gerald and I, my father only communicated about how his business could work with Gerald’s father’s company, and boasting about his knighthood. I had to force my frustration away to prevent my eyes from becoming flaring amber. My father destroyed the happiness for me.

In the future, the relationship between our family is going to be torn apart even more. It already is at a situation where it is going to be hard to fix. The whole point for the inspector to come is that we realise our mistakes. My parents don’t get the message. Repentance is the best method to solve this situation. Even though my parents don’t feel responsible for Eva Smith’s death, I predict that this inspector will come back. He is going to make them feel guilty and show respect towards Eva Smith. At least that is what I hope to happen. Why aren’t they able to agree with Eric and I?

 
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Fate in Romeo And Juliet Essay

Fate is a reoccurring theme and motif in the drama of Romeo and Juliet. It plays an important role in the play as during the Elizabethan era fate was believed to be a factor than could not be controlled and was written in the stars. Romeo and Juliet, is a drama written in the Elizabethan Era, where “A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 142). It is believed that the stars are seen as a metaphor for fate and Romeo and Juliet were destined to die. This is shown throughout the play through the prologue, use of Shakespeare’s foreshadowing effects, and Romeos constant relationship with fate as the stars, “is it e’en so? Then I defy you, stars” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 331). Romeo and Juliet never did have a chance at life because their deaths are pre-determined by fate. (Jamieson, 2018)

Firstly, the prologue shows that Romeo and Juliet are destined to die and cannot control their fate. The quote, “A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 142) indicates that already, we know as the audience that Romeo and Juliet are destined to die. The phrase “star-crossed” can be used to create the idea of the stars being the supernatural being that determines their fate as they are lovers who are “crossed” over the stars, therefore writing their fate to die. Another quote is used in the prologue to create the idea that Romeo and Juliet are destined to die, “The fearful passage of their death-marked love” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 142). The phrase “death-marked love” creates a powerful image that death has been engraved into their story furthermore, creating the motif of the tragic fate of Romeo and Juliet death.

Throughout the play it seen that Romeo makes references towards the lovers destiny to die showing the audience that fate controls their lives. Romeos quote, “I fear too early, for my mind misgives/Some consequence yet hanging in the stars” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 188) shows his relationship with fate as he feels anxious that something will go wrong after he falls in love with Juliet at the Capulet ball, as if he has a bad instinct feeling, foreshadowing his death. The phrase “hanging in the stars” once again connects the stars metaphorically to fate itself, further creating the image of fate being a supernatural being of the stars that will control the fate of Romeo and Juliet.

Later, when Romeo kills Tybalt, he says “O, I am fortune’s fool!” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 259). Here, Romeo is saying that “fortune” is the reason he killed Tybalt. In this case fortune is another image of the power of fate, in this, saying that it was Romeos fate to kill Tybalt further showing his strong belief for the supernatural existence of fate controlling his actions and life. However, this phrase also foreshadows Romeos death as he, himself becomes “fortunes fool” as he was destined too, to die.

Romeo also used the phrase, referenced in the question, in scene 5 when he is informed about Juliet’s apparent death “Is it e’en so? Then I defy you, stars!” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 331). Which furthermore creates the image of the stars being the beholder of Juliet’s fate to die. In this phrase he is disagreeing with the fate the stars have chosen for Juliet as he refuses to accept her destiny to die as shown be the use of the word “defy”. Here, his own death is foreshadowed as he is saying that even though fate has taken Juliet away from him, he will make sure to be with her again, unfortunately through his own death.

Romeo and Juliet’s fate is further shown in the quote by Juliet, “My grave is like to be my wedding-bed.” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 200) In this quote, Juliet is basically saying that she would rather die than not be able to marry Romeo. The irony in this quite foreshadows Juliet’s death as her grave actually does become her wedding bed. (Shmoop, 2008) Thus, showing the motif of fate as Juliet never married Romeo due to the misconceptions of their plan resulting in her death.

Juliet also predicts their death in the phrase, “O God, I have and ill-divining soul.” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 289)This means that she predicted terrible things, things such as Romeos death as she continues in the phrase “Methinks I see thee now/thou art so low/As one dead in the bottom of a tomb” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 289). The imagery created by Juliet’s quote foreshadows the last time she will see Romeo later in the play, dead in her tomb (Shmoop, 2008). Thus further expressing the theme of fate.

Fate may also plays a role in that Romeo does not receive the letter from Juliet due to the plague therefore resulting in his own suicide as he thinks Juliet is dead. This is shown in the quote by Friar Laurence, “Unhappy fortune!” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 336) The word “fortune” is used again as an image of fate. This further shows how the characters of this era believed in fate, showing that Romeo and Juliet had no control over their lives and destiny played a role in their story resulting in their death, meaning that they were meant to die and there was no way for the lovers to avoid their deaths because of the strong force of fate.

However, it can also be argued that it was not by fault of fate that Romeo and Juliet committed suicide but by the fault of Friar Laurence himself. (Shmoop, 2008) It can be seen that Friar Laurence tries to blame fate instead of taking responsibility for not getting Juliet’s letter to Romeo which would have prevented the misconceptions between the lovers and possibly resulted in a different ending, that doesn’t involve suicide. Friar Laurence can be seen blaming fate in the quote, “A greater power than we can contradict/Hath thwarted our intents.” (Shakespear, 2000, p. 347) This quote shows Friar Laurence expressing that a “greater power” was present over the time of this tragedy. The phrase “greater power” further personifies fate as a supernatural being that controls their destiny, therefore, avoiding the fact that if he has of gotten Juliet’s letter to Romeo things would be different. In addition to this, I further argue that fate still played a role in this event through the occurrence of the plague which prevented Friar Laurence from getting the letter to Romeo, determining their fate.

As a conclusion, the motif of fate played a huge role in the drama, preventing Romeo and Juliet from living on to get married resulting in their destined deaths. This is shown through characters references to the stars as an image of supernatural power that controlled their fate as well as general implications in their quotes towards fate itself. Shakespeare also uses many ironic and foreshadowing phrases that point the audience in the direction of thought that Romeo and Juliet are destined to die. Thus showing that Romeo and Juliet do not have control over their lives and are at the mercy of the stars.

 
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Essay On A Death Of A Salesman

“Death of a Salesman” is a play written by playwright, Arthur Miller. This play is believed to have been one of Arthur Miller’s greatest body of work in the theatrical realm. “Death of a Salesman” was written from the trials of the playwright’s own life experience making for an relatable story filled with both direct and indirect symbolism about how the idea of success and achievement can drive an individual to do things they never believed they were able to do, with the flip side to that also is the narrative of how fear and failure impacts humans as well.

“There’s more people! That’s what’s ruining this country! The competition is maddening!” (Act 1) Arthur Miller’s “Death of a Salesman” revolves around the Loman family in which the main character Willy Loman, the father, works as a door to door salesman. In many respects the Loman’s appear to be what we would consider in today’s society to be a middle-class family. Often times the middle-class is viewed as having the economic means to provide the essentials required to cultivate and sustain a family, however the downside to that reality is that often times those same individuals struggle accepting that fact that they are not able to live their life to the same extent as those who are financially secure.

Yet, like many who find themselves in the middle-class of socio-economic ranking, Willy Loman fed into society’s perception in which the only logical means of advancing through the ranks and breaking the cycle of middle-class label would be by ensuring that he was well liked and deemed attractive by his peers. The drawback of this belief, was that the Lomans’ live an unfulfilled and unhappy life while they believed their neighbors and peers were reaping the benefits of their success. “When I was seventeen, I walked into the jungle. And by twenty-one, I walked out. And by God, I was rich!” (Miller, 49).

Have you ever felt as though no matter how hard you tried to ccomplsih For example, have you ever wondered how certain career advancements and promotions don’t always go to the individual who is more qualified, but rather to the individual who is deemed to be likeable? That kind of disappointment could push a person to betray anyone if it meant achieving what is deemed as success.

“You don’t understand. Willy was a salesman. And for a salesman, there is no rock bottom to the life….” A benefit that Willy had in his arsenal was that he was afforded the opportunity to have a friend like Charley. We all at one point or another have or had a friend who was similar to Charley, someone who we viewed as successful. The real question is whether we are appreciative of these friends with pure intentions who come into our life? In many society’s it is rare that the people who are successful are the most giving and the most generous. I believe Arthur Miller was able to symbolize this sort of connection by highlighting the generosity of Charley while revealing Willy’s insecurities.

Willy was blessed to have a friend in Charley who was willing help him in every conceivable way he could, from offering Willy money as a way of offsetting the pay he was not receiving from his sales job, to directly offering him a job. However as with most individuals, they tend to shy away from help in efforts to not appear weak or unworthy by their peers.

“Now listen, Willy, I know you don’t like me, and nobody can say I’m in love with you, but I’ll give you a job because—just for the hell of it, put it that way. Now what do you say?” Additionally, jealously began to overtake Willy as he begins to despise Charley and his family for the blessing that they have earned. Bitter about his own shortcoming in life, Willy feels as though Charley was not sincere.

In conclusion, Arthur Miller uses symbolism in the play to echo the trials and tribulations of the Loman’s. I believe Miller used this tool as a way to add levity to the circumstances that many of us face to this very day; highlighting how more often than not we are the ones who sabotage our own dreams by allowing our minds to cast doubt and angst. The concept of the obtain the “I believe that if the reader pays close attention to the symbolism used, then one can avoid the self pitfalls and be able to live a fulfilled and worthy life.

 
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Art Comparison Essay

In 1998 a french art critique, historian and curator Nicholas Bourriaude coined the term “Relational Aesthetics” in his book of the same name, where he defined it “A set of artistic practices which take as their theoretical and practical point of departure the whole of human relations and their social context, rather than an independent and private space” (Tate). The goal of most relational aesthetics art was to use social and economic context as a medium, drawing attention to relationships that are normally invisible to the public sphere. Relational art created a lot of ambiguity between art and non art, since most projects tend to break the traditional social space of the art gallery, and the viewer experience of the constructed social experience becomes the art (notes).

Rasheed Araeen is known for creating immersive environments in his work, and allowing multilateral network of relationships among his viewers. For Documenta 14 in Athens 2017, Araeen created “Food for Thought: Thought for change”, where he built a shamiyaana-a traditional Pakistani wedding tent, designed with rich bright colors and playful geometric shapes he often incorporates in his work (Sharjahart). A wedding is a place where two families, two lives come together, and by choosing this particular structure, Araeen is communicating it’s a place that was meant to be filled with joy and new connections.
Much like Allan Kaprow’s “Happenings”, some relational art is also participatory. Both aspire to sensitize the visitors to various kinds of surroundings and emotions, yet unlike in “Happenings” the physical interaction in participatory art is less scripted or constrained by instructions (Book p.806). Rasheed invited people to sit together and share a free meal with refugees, while reflecting on possible scenarios of social change (notes). The project’s location was meant to draw attention to the history of the public space, which serves as vital meeting point to the city’s immigrants. Aereen’s offering of hospitality creates an opportunenitc for visitors and existing community to merge into one, and consider the historical and present dynamic of the space.

Other Artists like Santiago Sierra took an antagonistic turn on relational art, curating intentional discomfort within the viewers by drawing attention to invisible social and economic relationships most of the museum spectators tend to ignore. Rather than creating an inviting environment for a community like Rasheed Araeen, Sierra consciously chooses to create confrontational moments, provoking thought about the exclusive community of the art world (notes). In fact Sierra almost goes out of his way to create very a difficult sight, or as some might claim-show how difficult the sight would’ve been if people spent more time looking.

In his complex piece “Line of Women Standing Facing a Blank Wall” displayed at the Tate, Sierra displayed a line of homeless women, who were paid the price of a night at a motel to stand still for an hour facing a blank brick wall (Tate shot). The name of the piece is a blunt description of the performance, as though the occurrence is nothing out of the ordinary. Not being able to see the faces of the participating women creates an active process of thinking about their identity, evoking conversation about their roll in the piece, or society. Sierra creates a dramatized comment about the obscurity in which these women might live. The fact he only paid them for one night at the hostel, and they are only performing for an hour after which they’ll disappear back into the streets, despite the strong emotions Sierras action evoke in a lot of the viewers, might be done in an attempt to emphasize the invisibility of the women. The controversy some of his pieces provoke, seem to be part of his initial intention. It makes the viewers wonder about labor and value, and the opposing forces of poverty and exclusivity of the art world.

At the time of cosmopolitanism, artists were looking to create a notion between “Archaism and assimilation” and what Rasheed Araeen called “Academism and modernism” (Book p.719). They created art based on engagement and human interactions that was able to take forms that “traditional” art couldn’t. Regardless of the approach different artist decided to take on, relational aesthetics actively created powerful conversations, stronger than any media network could ever provoke. Contemporary artists really succeeded in altering, or expending rather, the role of the artist. “There are ways in which artists can wield the world and make really amazing things happen, because they’re not just dependent upon the money that can be raised to generate a protest, the protest is in the work.” says Theaster Gates in his interview to Art 21 about the role of the artist. Based on a broad range of art-historical references, there are no recognizable black “old masters” we are taught about. European art history is co dominant, yet sadly there is barely, if any representation of black figures. As a response to art history’s privileged exclusive canon, many African American artists born during the Civil Rights Movement, that witnessed or experienced growing up during that time, chose to reference their history and culture in their work.

One of the most notable artists engaging with the problem is Kerry James Marshall. According to him, the principles that guide visual representations today, are still the same as they were 500 years ago (Art 21). The ever expending history is still based on things that have been established for ages, and were never questioned until artists like Marshall himself entered the scene.

Marshall bases his work off of very specific parameters upon which art operated for decades. He positions his work in relation to the classical principles of history paintings, while incorporating normalization of black culture, and deconstructing privilege (notes). These principals are particularly evident in “School of Beauty School of Culture” he made in 2012. As suggested in the title, the image represents more than just a beauty salon (BMA). Marshall strives to take a subject that is under represented and normalize it’s presence, by placing it in an ordinary environment. His compositions tend to be very complex yet mesmerizing, creating sort of ambiguity that encourages the viewers to ask questions and find connections. Like in most of his paintings, Marshall strategically places clues, almost equivalent to iconography used in classical paintings, about the statement he’s trying to make. Some have cultural references, like the colors in the windows representing the pan African flag, while others were placed to connect African Americans with Western artistic traditions. The skewed “card board” cut out of blond-hair, blue-eyed head of the sleeping beauty comments on the ideal of beauty to many Americans. In the cultural environment Marshall created, this image however is completely out of place (MBA).

Another signature feature Marshall includes in all his work is the pure exaggerated black paint used for the figures. He doesn’t mix it with any other paint, using it as a rhetorical device, to empower blackness, and show it for what it is in the western culture. In the late spring of 2014, Kara Walker created a massive sugar coated women figure, shaped into a sphinx, inside the old industrial space of Brooklyn’s Domino Sugar Factory. She called the piece “A Subtlety” in reference to the days of the French monarchy, when the used to serve small sugar figurines as a dessert at the kings table. The use of sugar is a statement regarding imperialism and slavery (art 21). The fact that the creation is also cite specific, contributes to the historic references Walker is trying to communicate. The sphinx shape creates associations with ancient slavery of Egypt, bringing another level of complexity to her work.

The physical features of the figure are extremely exaggerated, similarly to Marshall’s exaggerated black skin tone, representing the recognizable features associated with black women throughout history, and even unfortunately until this very day. However, the dimensions of her work, granting the figure almost heroic proportions. Walker is known for her confrontational sexual depictions of black history, where she combines reality and metaphor to communicate her ideas to modern society.

Once the audience in art galleries and museums will be able to see images like Kerry James Marshall’s and Kara Walker’s as “normalized” images, we will be able to get past the notion of separating between “black” and “white” art, which is the ultimate goal of artists like them seeing how history can’t be changed-but our future can. When it comes to contemporary art, many people have a hard time enjoying it, understanding it or even simply appreciating it. After this past semester, it seems that those emotions sometimes triggered by contemporary art, are most likely due a certain obliviousness, and embodied expectations to what art should be, which is everything contemporary art isn’t. It was set to challenge the principles the used to guide visual representation for the past thousands of years. The art pieces emerging out of the last 50 years are so diverse and hard to constrain within generic visual characteristics.

Starting with the 1960’s pop art and minimalism, which successfully managed to create a notion between fine art and mundane aspects of our everyday life. Artists like Carl Andre submerged in the industrial process and materials, eliminating traditional emotional content from his work. In his series “Equivalent” made out of 120 fire bricks, Andre created multiple compositions of the same height, mass and volume positioned in different ways. The characteristics of every unit, and it’s arranging and position within a specific space, formed the substance of his work. At a first glance to the naked eye it seems nothing more than a pile of bricks, yet Andre created a bold statement that was heavily questioned by the art world in the 60’s. It gave a stage to a new way of perceiving the museums space, art, and our surroundings in general. It was the beginning of the reconsideration of art’s place and purpose in the world.

Moving forward into the 1970’s, more artists began experimenting with new formats creating works that exposed connections between money, art and politics. The art world was governed by powerful individuals who were associated with wealth and often even played a significant role in the city or the country (Hans Haacke). The movements ambition was to make art politically and socially useful, by turning against the bodies that nurtured it. Hans Haacke’s MoMA Poll (1970) consisted of a sign, two transparent boxes, a photoelectric counting device and a set of ballot papers installed at the Museum of Modern Art. Hacke asked a question about the politics of Nelson Rockefeller, who’s family was associated with MoMa, and it was the last time for about 16 years that he was invited to a show there, demonstrating what is not permitted in certain institutions. At that point it was more than clear that contemporary art was about more than crafting something beautiful or pleasing to the eye, it was about showcasing the dramatic social political, and further down the road even technological changes that were rising for the past 50 years.

Not much further down the road, came identity politics in the 1980’s. This powerful movement used their art to critique the ongoing oppression that was mainly based on race, gender and sexuality. The movement refused to hide behind galleries and abstraction, bringing important subjects to the front and center of the public eye, and encouraging discussion of the issues. Felix Gonzales Torres decided to openly respond to the uprising concern of the AIDS epidemic, during a time when President Ronald Reagan notoriously never even used the word “AIDS” because of it’s direct association with homosexuality. “Untitled” (billboard of an empty bed) made in 1991, is a mesmerizing appearance of white sheets, empty pillows and intimacy, on the background of a colorful city, and the colossal size, force the viewer to almost confront the reality of loss. The use of billboard almost immediately creates an association of a grand commercial, but rather it’s a loud wake-up call. Contemporary art in the 80’s finally found it’s voice. It spoke loudly about profound social problems, opening the viewer’s eyes to uprising global issues.

Even though contemporary art rejected almost every established visual code and the process of making art, it created a safe space for diversity, and rediscovered the ability of art to communicate in so many different meaningful ways. Contemporary art took art beyond commodity, and initiated a process of open discussion about our history, present and the world around us as a whole. It might not necessarily make everyone fall in-love with contemporary art, but it surely must communicate the significance carried upon it’s shoulders, to our past, present and more importantly – our future.

 
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A Worn Path Analysis Essay

“A Worn Path” by Eudora Welty, Phoenix Jackson’s life ironically resembled a worn path. Jackson also displays great perseverance in the difficulties with racism she faced in this story during this depressive era.

A Worn Path by Eudora Welty is about a woman named Phoenix Jackson who takes a trip into town to get medicine for her sick grandson. Although she has made trips into town often, something about this trip is different. On this journey of hers she endures some challenging hardships.

On a bright and early December morning Jackson left her home. She would walk around with her small cane made from an umbrella. She began to tap her way down as she walked. She looked a little rough but that wasn’t unusual for her. She wasn’t as young as she once was anymore, she aged with wrinkles and became frail. She walked and walked and shooed the animals out of her way. The path began to run upwards. “Seem like there is chains about my feet, time I get this far,” she knows this trip takes a toll on her, but she makes these trips out of love, so she says that as a reminder to her body which is telling her to stop to keep going.

“Thorns you doing your appointed work. Never letting folks pass, no sir. Old eyes thought you was pretty little green bush” As you age you begin to see the world differently, so soft floppy bush leaves to her are sharp pointy thorns to us. As she got caught in the bush and fell over, she still managed to focus on the beauty that the bush had possessed. So, weather human or not Jackson still sees everything as having its own purpose in this life.

On these walks she always came to the point where the was no path just her knowledge of knowing her way around. “Through the maze now.” “…A pleasure I don’t see no two-headed snake coming around that tree, where it once come. It took a while to get by him, back in the summer.” she was thankful that through the “maze” she rarely runs into any dangerous animals this time of year. It gives her path a more trouble-free approach.

As she continued, on her path she ran into a “ghost.’’ she saw something tall, black, and skinny moving before her. Her first thought was that it was a man. But she stood still and just listened and it didn’t utter a word. As she closed her eyes and reached out her hand, she discovered this “ghost” was a scare crow. Jackson now unfrighten she began to laugh it off and continue her weary path to the easy place, which was beautiful quiet bare fields, cabins, and trees with no leaves. She began to grow with thirst. She went over to the spring, bent over and drank the flowing water. “Sweet-gum makes the water sweet,” as she continued drinking the spring water.

Soon enough a hunter came along. He spotted Jackson laying down. “Well Granny!” “What are you doing here?’’ said the hunter. “Lying on my back like a June-bug waiting to be turned over, mister’’ Jackson replied. The hunter helped her up and asked where she was headed off to. She told him she was on her way into town and how far away it was from her home. “Doesn’t the gun scare you” the hunter said. “No, sir, I seen plenty go off close by…’’ said Jackson. To which the hunter replied “you must be 100 years old, and scared of nothing…” then told Jackson that she should stay home, but Jackson didn’t care she continued about her way.

Phoenix has made it into ‘the paved city.” Since its Christmas time there were red and green lights everywhere. A lady walking in her direction on the street carrying presents and smelled like “red roses in hot summer” Phoenix stopped her and asked her if she could tie her shoe since its harder for her to do because she has gotten older. The lady responds, “Stand still then, Grandma.” To which Phoenix replied, “can’t lace ‘em with a cane,’’ She thanks the lady and then enters the store.

As Phoenix entered the store she was greeted with rudeness from the attendant. “Here I be,” said Phoenix, to which the attendant responds with “A charity case, I suppose.” It didn’t seem to bother Phoenix as much since “There was sweat on her face, the wrinkles in her skin shone like a bright net.” She had almost forgot the reason she takes these trips every now and again. The attendant continued to ask her questions with insulting remarks. To which Phoenix payed her no mind.

The nurse who is fond of Phoenix comes out and tells the attendant who she is and what she is there for. “Oh, that’s just Old Phoenix…she doesn’t come for herself – she has a little grandson. She makes these trips just as regular clockwork. She lives away back off the Old Natchez Trace.’’ after telling the attendant who she was she began to talk to Phoenix. “Now, how is the boy?” she asked. Phoenix didn’t respond. The nurse asked again “I said, how is the boy?” Phoenix “stared straight face ahead…” The nurse continued to ask Phoenix questions. To which Phoenix still wasn’t responding to her. It was almost as if Phoenix had forgotten what she made this journey for.

“Tell us quickly about your grandson and get over it. He isn’t dead, is he?” and that triggered Phoenix memory. “My Grandson. It was my memory had left me. There I sat and forgot why I made my long trip.” This was kind of a shock to the nurse because Phoenix came all this way for nothing if the nurse didn’t say something that triggered her to remembering what she came for. They continued, on with their conversation which then the nurse asked Phoenix what she came for. “Throat never heals, does it?” said the nurse. To which Phoenix answered all the nurse’s previous questions “No, missy, he not dead, he just the same. Every little while his throat begins to close again, and he not able to swallow. He not get his breath. He not able to help himself. So, the time come around, and I go on another trip for the soothing medicine.”

After talking with the nurse and attendant decides to head home, but before she leaves the store the attendant offers her money which Phoenix asks politely accepts. Then she looks at the money and knows exactly what she is going to use it for. Phoenix goes on to say “I going to the store and buy my child a little windmill they sells, mad out of paper. He going to find it hard to believe there such a thing in the world.” Now she is on her way.

Throughout this story Welty goes into detail to explain to us how love truly conquers all. Phoenix continuously makes these trips for her grandson who sometimes is unable to breathe. At her age it makes it difficult but the love she has for her grandson is what makes these trips worth it and the devotion she has to him pushes her to achieve her goal of making it into town.

 
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Renaissance in Italy Essay Exa

The Renaissance in Italy developed after the fall of the Roman Empire. The Italian Renaissance marked the greatest times of the art scene. Art in Italy strengthened during Roman times. Art started evolving by being put in churches and caused a big impact on Christians and the art in Italy. All of these facts changed Italy and brought wealth and organization to their economy. The Renaissance allowed art to become popular in Italy from the 1300s-1500s. Lots of changes and creativity occurred throughout the years. Renaissance changed artistic expression by causing art to be more creative, changing political, social, economic, and culture. Italy had become very wealthy and art began to impact their lives.

In western Europe before the Renaissance in Italy, the economy mainly focused on world subjects rather than religion. Their world was full of disunity and disorder, which caused the focus on religion to decline. On page 410, Ellis and Esler state that “ humanists were pious Christians, but focused on worldly subjects rather than on the religious issues that had occupied medieval thinkers”. Before the Renaissance occurred everyone in the economy focused on worldly subjects. They also focused on religion, but it wasn’t the biggest focus at the time. Italians focused on still going to church, but nothing didn’t interest or impact the Christians lives. This event may have occurred because there wasn’t any control; this may have also occurred because religion could’ve been changing from the cause of a leader leaving or the Italians finding out false information about their religion. On page 410, Ellis and Esler state that “Their era, they felt was a time of rebirth after what they saw as the disorder and disunity of the medieval world”. This quote states that In Italy they were not united, nor did they have leaders for orders. This shows that the economy was not strong. Italy wasn’t a big impact or a strong economy. This event may have occurred because they had a bad leader or even no leader being present at all. There was a lack of order in western Europe, Italy, before the renaissance had begun. People in Italy may have not been unity around one another, so they felt that it was time for them to start over and come together to strengthen the economy. In Italy, they focused on other factors that were more important than religion. It seems as if they were all separated in the same economy, but didn’t come together until they wanted a change or noticed the problems in their world.

During the 1400s, trade had brought wealth to Italy. Italian merchants had led the development of new ideas that evolved to new art techniques; burning lines to create 3-D delusions, foreshortening, and realistic depth in an object. On page 411, Ellis and Esler state that “ Italian merchants led the growth of trade across Europe during the late middle ages, trade provided the wealth that fueled Italy”. The Italian merchants were the ones who had made trade a big deal and had a huge impact on many. They helped the wealth gain and development in their economy. This event may have been because Europeans felt as if they were a disordered economy because of the way their world worked and also because of the way everyone lived. This event supports the thesis because it explains how trade brought wealth in Italy and also mentioned who caused the come up during the Renaissance in Italy. On page 411, Ellis and Esler state that“ Trade routes also carried new ideas that were important in shaping the Renaissance “. This quote explains how the wealth of trade caused the development of new ideas and techniques. The economy was able to change and evolve because of the wealth. This may have been because the new ideas were what Italy became known for and that it brought them more money. This connects to the thesis because the Renaissance bought more creativity. Trade brought wealth and creativity to western Europe. These events caused Italy to be very well known and develop more knowledge.

Conclusion

In Italy, before the Renaissance occurred, their economy was not united, nor did they have any organization and orders to go by. They also focused on other things than religion. But once the Renaissance occurred trade brought wealth and new ideas to their economy. Religions had started to become big once art began to be used in churches. This event allowed Italy to become big for the products they traded or had bought to them. They traded with the Byzantine Empire and the U.S, which was the reason for their development. Trade and religion bought the powerful impact and development of artistic expression.

 
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